André Lhote

1885 (Bordeaux) - 1962 (Paris)


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andré lhote, art moderne, modern art, art figuratif, figurative art, peinture, painting

Biography

Painter born in the region of Bordeaux, André Lhote has played an important role in the french Cubism, mainly as a teacher.

After a period concentrated on the wooden sculpture, at the age of 21, he decides to dedicate his art to painting. He has been very impressed by Paul Gauguin. His palette is the one of a “Fauve painter” at this period. Then he discovers Cézanne, and reaches a very personal cubism. He exhibits with the Section d’Or Group (also called Puteaux’s group) with Jacques Villon, Duchamp-Villon, Marcel Duchamp, LaFresnaye and Delaunay (L’Escale, 1913, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris). In 1917 he contributes too to the creation of the Synthetic Cubism, applying for it all the rules of his style : great construction of the composition, subjects that one can still identify, and bright colors.

Dynamic teacher, he creates in 1922 his proper school in Montparnasse, and, tireless lecturer, he fell in the trap of academism – as evidenced by his work as theorician (Traité du paysage, 1938 ; Traité de la figure, 1950).

Eager to verify his theories, he travels to Egypt in 1950 to study the problem of the “plastic invariants” in the funeral paintings of the Pharaons.

He had a great influence on artists such as Pignon, Singier or Manessier, as he gave them a sort of clacissism into the Cubist doctrine.